While a solar system can operate without an inverter, the different voltages depend on what the appliance needs, which can damage your device. For example, a grid-connected solar system without an inverter can power DC equipment, such as lights and televisions, but cannot do so efficiently. Solar panels can work without an inverter, but they can damage the appliance and other components. Using a solar panel without a large battery bank and an expensive inverter is a common question when talking about solar energy.
The simple answer is yes, although there are certain conditions. Solar cells require an inverter because their DC output must be transformed into alternating current. The main reason for this is that most of our appliances need electricity in the form of alternating current to work properly. So, the answer to the main question here is yes.
You can definitely use solar panels without inverters, but the condition for this is that the electrical load must work with a direct current power supply. In addition, another component (the charge controller) must be among them to regulate the intermittent energy of the solar panel. When buying a solar panel system for your home or business, be sure to buy one that comes with its own inverter. This depends on where you live, but in most cases, you don't need to tell your energy supplier that you have solar panels.
This effect basically causes the generation of free electrons from the semiconducting silicon material of the solar panel when sunlight hits its surface. You have already seen that an inverter is not an essential part of a solar panel system if you want to operate direct current loads and simply charge the batteries. However, for this to be sufficient, you'll simply have to use only appliances that run on direct current (DC) or mainly use your solar panels to charge batteries. A modern solar inverter will not only provide an alternating current conversion to the load, but will also provide a constant voltage and frequency at its output, regardless of the intermittent output of the solar panel.
A house's electrical grid can operate directly with the output of a solar panel without the need to install an intermediate solar inverter. There's an upfront cost, but since solar panels have a 25-year warranty, you'll save money over time. Charging batteries with the direct output of the solar panel would be catastrophic due to the higher output voltage of those solar panels. Solar panels joined in series or in parallel in an array achieve a significant amount of direct current electrical energy, which the inverter will receive as input.
It is also not recommended because the panels produce direct current solar energy, which may cause a discrepancy with appliances that require alternating current. With tiny solar cells connected together, direct current electricity increases in capacity as it generates the solar panel's production capacity. However, solar panels can produce 12 or 24 volts of electricity that can be used to power direct current appliances in the home.